CBSE Board Class XII 12th Caranatic Melodic Instrument Syllabus & Music Theory notes

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Caranatic Music Melodic Instrument – Practical (Code No. 032) Syllabus for Class – XII 12th

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Examination Structure for Assessment 

Class XII


One theory paper                                                                                                                                Total Marks: 100

hours Marks: 30

72 periods


History and Theory of Indian Music

  1. Brief history of Carnatic Music with special reference to Sangita Saramrita and Sangita Sampradaya Pradarsini, Svaramelakalanidhi and Ragavibhodha, Brihaddesi.
  2. Short life sketch and contributions of the following: Annamacharya, Swati Tirunal, Kshetrajna, Maha Vaidyanatha Iyer, Patnam Subramanyalyer, Ramnad Srinivasa Iyengar Mysore Doraiswamy Iyengar, Dwaram Venkataswamy, Naule Karatkkudi Brothers, Mysore Vasudevachar.
  3. Brief study of the musical form, Kriti, Tiruppugazh, Padam, Javali and Tillana.
  4. Detailed study of the Manodharma Sangita.
  5. Definition and explanation of the following: Janaka, Janya system of Ragas, Bhashanga, Upanga, Varja, Vakra Ragas, Gamakas, Arudi, Eduppu, Jati, Prabandham, Grama, Murchchana, Jaati and Vishesha Prayogas.
  6. Description of the ragas prescribed for practical.
  7. Candidates should be able to write in notation the compositions in the ragas prescribed.
  8. The candidate should be able to describe the construction of the instrument opted for alongwith the basic techniques of playing. 6. The candidate should have an outline knowledge of the classification of instruments in general and a brief history of the instrument opted for.


One Practical Paper                                                                                                                              Marks: 70

Periods Practical Activities

  1. Ragas Prescribed: Purvikalyani, Todi, Gowla, Sri, Simhendra madhyamam, Bhairavi,hanmukhapriya and Keeravani, Nata, Varali, Ritigaula, Saveri and Surati.
  2. Varnams (atleast four) in Aditala and one in a tala in two degree of speed.
  3. Brief outline alapana of the ragas prescribed.
  4. Atleast one authentic compositions traditionally rendered in each of the prescribed ragas, covering the musical forms Kirtanas, Kritis, Padams, Javalis, Tillanas and Ragamalikas.
  5. Kalpana svaras in Adi, Rupaka and Chapu talas in two degrees of speed.
  6. Tala prescribed Adi (Single and double kalai) Rupakam, Misrachapu, Khanda Chapu and Triputa Talas.
  7. Presentation of a simple pallavi in Adi or Khanda Triputa.

One Practical Paper

Duration: 30 to 45 minutes per Candidate


General Instructions:

  1. Before starting the test, the candidates may be asked to submit a list of what they have been taught from the syllabus.
  2. Examiners are expected to ask questions which have direct relevance with the course and syllabus.
  3. Award of marks should be in accordance with the marking scheme.
S.noValue PointMarks
1.Tuning of the candidate’s instrument and questions related to it05
2.One Ata TalaVarnam in two degrees of speed06
3.A kriti as per the choice of the candidate with all Manodharma asked08
4.A kriti or two with Manodharma asked as per the choice of examiners10
5.Questions about unique features of respective instruments.04
6.Testing the knowledge on Raga Lakshanas05
7.Testing the knowledge of Talas05
8.Testing the knowledge of Musical forms05
9.Details regarding different techniques of play06
10.Presentation of simple Pallavi06
11.Project work10

Project Work Guidelines:

  1. Minimum four reports and maximum ten reports have to be submitted. Best four will be considered for evaluation.
  2. Must attend and report live concerts (Both Vocal and Instrumental)
  3. Details of the organization (i.e., notices informing the concert has to be included in the project)
  4. Items presented (chronological order)
  5. Details of each item presented (Whether creative or Manodharma aspects included)
  6. Audience response and duration of each item.
  7. Details about the item in which Tani avartanam was played.
  8. Photographs of the live concert. (If possible)

Note:   In absence of live classical concerts, students can make report on Devotional Bhajans, T.V. live shows, etc.

For cbse music syllabus

List of topics for the guidance of the examiners

  1. Tuning of the instrument: The candidate should be asked to tune the instrument to his/her pitch. Questions related to its structure, tonality, etc., may be asked.
  2. One Ata tala varnam of the candidate’s choice, in two degrees of speed, either entirely or in parts, may be asked.
  3. A kriti of the candidate’s choice may be asked along with Alapana Niraval, and Kalpanasvaram.
  4. A kriti or two (fully or partly) of the examiners’ choice. The Alapana, Niraval, Kalpana svarams, etc., may be asked in different ragas from the syllabus.

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